Agreement Between Iran And Iraq

The agreement was signed to settle border disputes and then served as the basis for other bilateral treaties, but was denounced in 1980 by the then Iraqi Vice-President Saddam Hussein. In the 1975 Algiers Agreement, Iraq made territorial concessions – including the Shatt al-Arab Waterway – in exchange for normalized relations. [16] Iran ended its support for the Iraqi Kurdish guerrillas in exchange for Iraq`s recognition that the border was along the water route along the valley. [16] The Iraqis considered the Algiers agreement to be humiliating. [16] [22]:260 However, the agreement meant an end to Iranian and American support for the Peshmerga, defeated by the Iraqi government in a brief campaign that left 20,000 dead. [22]298 British journalist Patrick Brogan wrote that “the Iraqis celebrated their victory in the usual way by executing as many rebels as they could hang up their hands.” [22]298 On 15 March 1975, the foreign ministers of Iraq and Iran met with Algerian representatives to establish a joint committee for the definition of the new border. [14] On 17 March, the protocol between the two countries was signed by the two foreign ministers. The protocol stipulates that both countries commit to redefining the border. The new mapping of the territory by modern techniques is one of the objectives of the renewed agreement. In 1973, negotiations in Iraq with Iran began in the hope of ending Iran`s support for the Kurdish rebellion.

A meeting of the countries` foreign ministers was held in Geneva at the end of April. Iraqi officials demanded compliance with the 1937 treaty, which gives most of the Shatt al-Arab to Iraq, but Iranian officials refused. [10] Talks failed, but meetings continued between the two countries. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was totally adamant and sought control of half of Shatt al-Arab (Arvand Rud). Following the Shatt al-Arab talks, Iraq also sought to end Iranian support for the Kurds. [11] The Algiers Agreement placed the border between Iraq and Iran at the center of the main channel of shatt al-Arab (Arvand Rud) waterway, which is normally called Thalweg. [13] Iraq was obliged to renounce its claims to the Arab territories of western Iran. Both countries were required to commit to closely and effectively monitoring their shared border and to ending all intervention on each other`s territory. Iran was therefore obliged to end all support for the Kurds. Both countries have agreed to be good neighbours. A violation of part of the agreement “goes against the spirit of the Algiers agreement.” After the defeat of the Kimmers and Scythians, all of Nebuchadrezzar`s expeditions were directed westward, although a powerful neighbour was to the north; The reason was that an intelligent political marriage with Amytis of Media, the daughter of the median king, had ensured a lasting peace between the two rich.

In 1979, under Saddam`s leadership, Iraq withdrew from the agreement and the riverbed changed considerably since the signing of the agreement, with the Iraqis claiming they had lost territory. Iraq and Iran have formed a joint commission to mark the border between the two countries. The Commission completed the marking of the borders on 26 December 1975 with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding. [15] Iran has withdrawn its armed forces from the border areas. The borders were closed and support for the Kurds ended. Iran has also called on the CIA and Mossad to end military support for Kurdish rebels. It was thought that the Iraqi government would negotiate with the Kurds with the end of international support, but the vice-president of the Revolutionary Command Council, Saddam Hussein, launched a major campaign against the rebels. Mohammad Reza Pahlavi intervened and a ceasefire was reached, but on 1 April the government relaunched the campaign.