During the 1965 war, the Soviet Union offered its good offices for a peaceful settlement between the two warring states. The Prime Ministers of India and the Pakistani President met in Tashkent from 4 to 10 January 1966 and discussed related issues. At first, both sides maintained their demands. While Shastri wanted all infiltrators sent by the Pakistani army to be removed and there was assurance that such operations would not happen again, and insisted on a “no war pact,” Ayub addressed the issue of Kashmir that was to be debated and called for a referendum in Kashmir. Kosygin took over and used all his diplomatic capabilities under his command to convince them to reach an agreement. Both sides agreed to withdraw the troops from the August 5 positions. Among other points, both sides would strive to create good-neighbourly relations in accordance with the UN Charter and reaffirmed that they would not use force to resolve their differences through peaceful means. They also agreed not to encourage propaganda against each other. Before the ceasefire, after the 22-day war, on September 18, 1965, Russian Prime Minister (then Soviet) Alexei Kosygin offered “his good services for improving relations between India and Pakistan.” This was brought to the attention of the House of Representatives, where MPs who cut over partisan divides supported the ceasefire, but some of them wanted India to retain the Haji Pir passport that the army recently conquered to avoid infiltration. MEPs had foreseen that both countries would have to use the positions they had before the hostilities in all negotiations. Among the outstanding parliamentarians who congratulated the Prime Minister, Acharya J.B Kripalani and Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit.
Pandit, elected by his famous brother in the Lok Sabha, said: “The story of Pakistan`s treachery and deception… It is shameful, but we are now a proud people, because we have given ambiguity… I`d love to… “the Prime Minister`s courageous leadership in this crisis.” VI The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communication and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take steps to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan. In India, the people also criticized the agreement because the Pakistani president and the Indian prime minister did not sign a guerrilla pact in Kashmir. After the day of this declaration, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur died on the day of a sudden heart attack. After him, no one accepted this statement, and it was ignored by the next government.