The agreement was the result of the two countries` determination to “end the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations.” It designed the measures to be taken to further normalize mutual relations and also defined the principles that should govern their future relations.    At the end of this historic summit, India and Pakistan signed the Lahore Declaration, a bilateral agreement and governance treaty to be ratified later in the same year by the parliaments of both nations. As stated in the Simla Agreement 27 years earlier, the Lahore Declaration reaffirmed, inter alia, the need for a bilateral resolution of the Kashmir issue. Even though the 5th Pakistan should draw the world`s attention to the full text of the relevant clauses of the agreement in order to strip India of its democratic cloak and its recent attempt to strangle the Kashmiri people. In the meantime, it will be very helpful if the opposition in our Parliament shows less partisanship and solidarity at this critical point with a government that is going through an unprecedented national crisis. In 2001, at the invitation of Prime Minister Vajpayee, General Pervez Musharraf, then President of Pakistan, visited India on July 14-16 for a historic two-day summit in Agra. However, the talks failed and no text of agreement could be reached. Since the situation required an agreement between Indian and Pakistani leaders Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the Pakistani president was invited to a summit in Simla during the last week of June 1972. The summit is expected to result in a peace treaty that should allow for the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners of war after the 1971 war. This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification.  Particularly in the context of Kashmir, bilateralism hides an attempt at harassment that is unacceptable to Pakistan. India opposes third-party mediation only because any independent entity would not be able to ignore India`s primary responsibility to prevent a just and peaceful solution.
(iii) Resignations shall commence from the entry into force of this Agreement and shall be concluded within thirty days.  The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned states, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan.    Apart from the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners from the 1971 war, the Simla Agreement was a plan for India and Pakistan to maintain friendly and neighbourly relations. As part of the agreement, the two belligerent countries promised to renounce conflicts and confrontations and make efforts to establish peace, friendship and cooperation. In 2003, Musharraf called for a ceasefire during the LoC. India endorsed his proposal and on 25 November put into effect a ceasefire agreement, the first formal ceasefire since the beginning of the insurgency in Kashmir. [Reproduced from the text provided by the Embassy of India in Washington, D.C. While in Kashmir, only the “maintenance of the line of control” was the spokesman, a clause was added at India`s request that the two countries would only settle their differences by “peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other mutually agreed peaceful means,” Guha writes. This theoretically excludes third-party mediation in Kashmir..